Agriculture, what do you imagine as soon as you hear the word? Perhaps, you start viewing on dealing with the soil or the other feeding the cattle. The meaning of agriculture is not limited within these. Rather, it’s vague. It is extended up to the distribution and marketing along with the production. Here, talking about the agriculture in Nepal. We talk about its situation, challenges along the possible solutions.
Agriculture in Nepal
“Hariyo Ban Nepal KO Dhan”
If you do remember, it’s a phrase that we usually utter talking about agriculture. Presently, about 70%o of total population make their way of living via agriculture in Nepal and about one-third of national income comes from it. Nepal, a country of area 147,181 km2 has its 2/7th of the land cultivable. People take farming as a side business. In Nepal, doctors are also farmers, so are the engineers and nurses etc. To fulfill the basic need, especially the poor people relay on it even mortgaging from the land holders. There is no doubt that “Kamaiya Pratha” is result of the gap between sophisticated land owners and hardworking laborers that still survives in some corner of the country. Out of the 2,000 varieties of paddy, only few are cultivate. The species like Samundra Fen, Kala Nimak, Thinuwa, Mansara, Manvok etc are on the verge of extinction. According to UN and FAO, the agricultural demand on food (men and for cattle’s) is increased by 4-7% and on fuel by 25% since 2000.
In Nepal, paddy, wheat and maize are the major crops. In Himalayas, the meal is of millet and potato where as in Terai, wheat and rice are the major one. They can be included both in food as well as cash crops, so is with the hill regions. The major food crops are wheat, paddy, maize, potato, barley etc. and cash crops are tobacco, cotton, jute, coffee, tea plant etc.
Have you ever thought, “Why do 20% American farmers produce surplus food for their nation and also do export?” Whereas we, Nepalese even 70% engaged do not have enough to eat within our country. Probably, Technology is the root. We are manual based. Technology for us is limited within the books and exam papers, but not in agriculture field. What we study, we merely apply it. It may be due to lack of capital, entrepreneurship, enthusiasm and devotion towards agriculture. Here, people grow just for the household use. Furthermore, enveloping by the modernization and liberation, people seek to by rice in Shopping Malls, leaving their land bare which is the bitter truth of Nepal and Nepalese.