There are several zones worldwide but scientist have labeled high risk in terms after the quakes. According to Brian Et Toker, President of the Non-profit Organization Geo hazard, The United States, New Zealand, Japan, Turkey and due to contain high-risk zones due to the tectonic plates they reside upon. These countries have taken the necessary steps to prepare their buildings have built stronger political response teams and have highly developed economics. This is in sharp contrast to poor nations with high population density. However, which lacked emergency response plans and have shabbily constructed cities. These include cities in Iran, Pakistan, Indonesia and Peru which lie on hundreds of fault lines at her home to millions of people and us would suffer untold economic and political hardships even earthquake were to occur there in the future.
Can We Predict Future Earthquakes?
There is currently no way to accurately predict on what day or at what time a earthquake will occur. Only that it will happen in the future in a specific location as the earth is in a state of self-organized critically meaning that any small earthquake can lead to a bigger event. However, scientists still foretell large earthquakes occurring in various parts of the world. The use of variety of methods to predict earthquakes, which include studying possible precursors to the event, animal behavior spikes in raid on emissions from rocks, and the occurrence of smaller earthquakes preceding the larger one. They also study fault lines and subduction zones that run within the earth’s crust for example the US Geological Survey believes there is a 37 % chance that America’s Pacific Northwest will be hit by a magnitude 8 or strong earthquake in the next half century. Unanticipated mega thrust quake that has been informally called the big one this is because the region is found within the Cascadia subduction zone and over 620 my ling fault zone that runs from Vancouver Island in Canada to Northern California in the United States.
Can you make a city Earthquake-Proof?
Earthquake engineering is the scientific field that attempts to limit the seismic risk for earthquakes to protect society, nature and man-made environments. This includes buildings, homes, bridges and more. There are numerous major earthquake engineering research centers around the world that perform earthquake and model-based simulations including the network for earthquake engineering simulation. These tests focus on the construction of the building, the structure, the materials and their reaction to seismic vibration. In order to make existing structures resistant to earthquakes one can employ the technique up seismic retrofitting which allows for the introduction of advanced materials and strategies with the goal of increasing the performance of the structure during an earthquake as well as other natural phenomenon like tropical cyclones and tornadoes.