The history of Nepali magazine was begun with literary magazine. Sudhasagar is the first literary magazine of Nepal. Gorkhabharat jeevan is the first media publication in Nepali language but it was published from Banaras. It was a monthly magazine based on literature. It was printed in Jeevan Press, Banaras. It was owned by Ram K. Barma himself. It is said that the result of that magazine is Sudhasagar. Sudhasagar is the second magazine in Nepali language which was published in 1955 BS. It was published and edited by Pandit Naradev Pandey, printed in Pasupati press,Thahiti, Kathmandu. Inspired by Motiram Bhatta, but he couldn’t saw it due to his untimely demise in 1953 BS at the age of 30. How many issues and copies are published, it is unknown. Media historians Ram Raj Poudel and Grishma Bahadur Devkota also couldn’t see it. According to Shiromani Baburam Acharya, he had 4 or 5 copies of sudhasagar, but it lost in the debris of 1990’s earthquake. Some information about sudhasagar was published as an advertisement at the back cover page of a “Naulopakhyan”, a book in 1956 from the same press, by the same person (Naradev and his friends). Then, Sharada published in 1991 but it also cannot give new thing because it had literary content. Then in 1992 Udhyog, a business magazine came but it was closed in 1995. In 2004 Gharelu Illam published which was also business magazine. Kathmandu Municipal published by Kathmandu Nagar Samiti in order to give about the activities of them.
Another literary magazine published called Shahitya Shrot. In 2005, Akha magazine was published which give information about eye. Likewise, Shikshya magazine published and it was about education. After 2007 to 2047, magazine hadn’t published because of political reasons. In 2047, Jana Mancha was published in bi-color. It contents were mainly about political and social things. The publication of this magazine was successful to bring some manpower. It was a general magazine but closed in 2054. In 2053 Kathmandu Today was published by Tikaram Pradhan. It was analytical based on contemporary newspaper but it is also a general magazine. It established professionalism in the field of journalism. In depth, reporting based stories were published by it. At the same time in 2053, Bishwamitra, a general magazine was published by Shyam Groink who is a share owner of Kantipur. In 2056, Himal khabarpatrika was published fortnightly and that news magazine was published by Himal Media. It was the one of few news magazine in the northern half of the subcontinent which used the liberal values of journalism to reach out to a vernacular audience. It had developed the choice following of both of the rural and urban intelligentsia maintaining credibility and an inclusive editorial voice. The publisher of this magazine was Kanak Mani Dixit and editor was Kiran Nepal. Likewise in 2057, Nepal fortnightly published. It was a general magazine. Samaya Sapthahik was published in 2060. The trend of specialized in magazine was growth after 2047. Before it magazine weren’t in specific topic. So many magazines come in specialized form like Sports Magazine, Woman Magazine, Religion magazine, Health magazine, Business magazine and many more. Those magazines came in a particular topic to provide broad information about on specific subject for instance, Nari magazine published those matter only related to women. Restoration of democracy in 2046 BS was a landmark development creating a favorable environment for Nepalese magazine to grow. After then, Journalists were free to write article, news and views without any interference from the government.
Magazine after 2047
The constitution of 2047 guaranteed press and publication right under Article 13. According to provision no news item, article or other reading material shall be censored, no press shall be closed or seized for printing any news item, article or other reading materials and the registration of newspaper or periodical shall not be canceled merely for publishing any news item article or other reading material. It was the first time, the right of press was guaranteed in the constitution in the history of Nepal. The provision made the press powerful than ever before. It created a conductive environment for investment in media and encouraged many young people to enter journalism. Before 2046, many journalists had been involved in mission journalism. They had no priority to publish magazines. But after 2046, it was easy to make huge investment because of financial security and journalist got opportunity to develop professionalism. There was rapid increase of magazine during the decade it was the good symbol for Nepalese journalism. But there were other negative aspects in Nepali journalism. Some publication stopped their papers due to lack of money and coordination among publishers. Patrica Satdine, Lokpatra, Spacetime etc were closed because of financial crisis. Shree Sagarmatha and Everest herald, Nayasadak were closed because of conflict among investors.
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