Nepal: Before Earthquake
On January 15th 1934, Nepal suffered one of the worst earthquakes in its history. As an 8.0 magnitude earthquake ripped through the country and its close neighbor Bihar, India. Almost all buildings and homes within the area collapsed with large cracks appearing and leading to extensive liquefaction of the ground. Approximately 11,000 people died in Nepal with more than seven thousand deaths recorded in Bihar. Another natural disaster note occurred on April 18 2014, when Nepal experienced a massive avalanche on Mount Everest killing 16 Nepalese guides near Everest Base Camp. The Avalanche was triggered when a large Toorak or block of glacial ice broke of above the Khumbu Icefall. Similar in size to a large mansion the estimated 31.5 million pound block a vice quickly launched the Avalanche. In February of 2015, Nepali authorities announced a change in the normal route of Mount Everest citing the need to make climbing the mountain more secure. April 25 2015 is the black day of Nepal. At mid-day 7.8 magnitude earthquake had occurred from which Nepal lost its historical monuments and buildings. Additionally, more than 9000 Nepalese lost their life, more than 22,000 Nepalese were injured and many losses their homes and animals. And the Nepal governments calls international countries for Help.
Nepal: After Earthquake
The international community’s response has been quick and extensive. Most notably the humanitarian mission called operation my tree which was launched by India’s government and armed forces within minutes of the quake. Numerous governments and humanitarian organization such as the Red Cross, Save the Children and more also pledged aid in the form of monetary donations, supplies food aid workers like doctors and nurses and desperately needed emergency shelter. Unfortunately, efforts have been hampered by the fact that Nepal only one international Airport located in the capital, Kathmandu had become over run with cargo and civilian planes clogging the already small runway. This has significantly slowed down the transfer a vitally needed supplies although military aircraft with rescue personnel were giving landing priority.
As Helicopters began to reach remote areas of Nepal in the days and weeks following the event relief efforts escalated following what was Nepal’s worst natural disaster in more than 80 years. UN Resident Coordinator Jamie Nicole Derick stated at the earthquake affected 8 million people with at least 1.4 million requiring food assistance. In addition the current government other Nepal is fraught with unpredictability as it has not been fully functional since 2008 with splinter political groups continuing to vie for power. As one of Asia’s poorest nations and with over 40% unemployment rate it could take Nepal years to recover from the April 25 2015 earthquake.